The Electoral Board consist of three members. Two members represent the party that received the most votes in the prior gubernatorial election. The third member represents the party that received the second highest number of votes in the prior gubernatorial election. The appropriate political party must submit three names to the Circuit Court judges. The court appoints one person each year to serve a three-year term.
The Electoral Board appoints the voter registrar for a four-year-term. It appoints officers of election to work at the polls on election days.
The Electoral Board conducts all general and all special elections. After each election it meets to canvass the vote for Rockbridge County and certifies the results to the State Board of Elections.